international health

Hispanics and Diabetes Type 2

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According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 50% of Hispanic adults in the United States are expected to develop the chronic disease type 2 diabetes — a rate that is higher than for the average adult, who has a 40% likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes. The CDC also estimates that Hispanic people are 50% more likely to die from the disease than white people are.

While Hispanic people overall are estimated to be at a higher risk for diabetes, they’re not the only group: The prevalence of diabetes is also higher among Alaska Natives, Native Americans, and black people, according to the American Diabetes Association. Research suggests various factors, including those related to genetics, lifestyle, and metabolism, likely play a role in these individuals’ greater risk.

An article published in August 2014 in Diabetes Care described research that found the combination of a lack of awareness, health insurance disparities, and low household income may also play a role in the higher rates among Hispanic individuals in particular. And specific subgroups within the Hispanic community seem to be at various risks of developing type 2 diabetes, the article explains: For instance, while the prevalence of diabetes was highest in Mexicans, at 18.3%, it was lowest in South Americans, at 10.2%. 

Source: Everyday Health

Latinos and the Secondhand Smoke in NYC

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A study released this February by the New York City Health Department on Second-Hand Smoke and Smoke-Free housing in NYC revealed some interesting data concerning secondhand smoke. 

An alarming 44% of New Yorkers said they are exposed to secondhand smoke inside their own homes from an outside source. In regards to ethnic groups, the study shows that 56% of the Latino adults were more likely to smell secondhand smoke at home from outside than all other non-Latino racial/ethnic groups. Blacks (44%) were more likely to smell cigarettes smoke than Whites (38%) and Asian/Pacific Islanders (35%). 

Another section of the study analyzed the number of smoke-free buildings in the city. The result is 4 out of 10 New Yorkers report they lived in a smoke-free building. Latinos (45%) and Asian Pacific Islanders (49%) were also more likely to report their building had a smoke-free policy than Whites (36%) or Blacks (37%).

Three-quarters of all New Yorkers (77%) also reported they had their own in-home smoke free policy. Latinos (85%) were more likely to prohibit smoke in their homes, followed by Blacks (84%), Whites (83%), and Asian/Pacific Islanders (67%).

Read the full report HERE

The Flu Epidemic and the Latino Community

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Every year the Latino community is hit harder by influenza than other demographics, according to several studies. In 2016, the flu was the third highest cause of death among Latinos in New York City.Reports show Hispanics and Latinos are less likely to get vaccinated than other ethnic groups.

The Center for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that 39.1 percent of Latino adults do not get vaccinated, in comparison to 49.1 percent of non-Hispanic adults. Access to health care is also a factor that impacts the community directly. About 20 percent of Latinos under 65 years old do not have health insurance, according to the CDC, and 27 percent lack a regular physician.

This is why the CDC targets the community to break down language barriers and reluctance toward immunization by distributing material in Spanish. The agency even created telenovela-like ad titled Un Amor Prohibido, which reminds the community how important vaccines are for families and pregnant women.

Flu case numbers and ER visits are escalating to alarming rates, with deaths from related infections, like pneumonia and septic shock, headlining the news. To prevent getting and spreading influenza, the CDC recommends a yearly vaccine that protects against a variety of flu viruses.

Source: People.com

The Canopy Medical Translator App Overseas

The Canopy app is an enormous asset to facilitate research and clinical work overseas. Two notable partners: the Global Health Center at the Institute for Public Health at Washington University in St. Louis in addition to Harvard’s Global Health Delivery Project Online have both made the Canopy app available to their communities. 

Elizabeth Marshall: A Medical Provider Connecting Through Language

We had the honor of interviewing Elizabeth Marshall about her experiences and insights on providing healthcare . Izzy has a wealth of knowledge and it is clear that she will be a compassionate physician. Here, we've shared a condensed version of our conversation with Izzy with the Canopy community: